In my country women do not go the masajid (mosques), and there are no accommodations for them in such masajid. As such, it is very common in my country to find women doing i’tikaf in their homes. Can women do i”tikaf in the homes?
There is no such thing as i’tikaf in the home because Allah mentions i’tikaf in relations to the masajid. There is no other place for i’tikaf, except the masjid. Allah says:
وَلَا تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ
And do not have sexual relations with them (your wives) while you are in I’tikaf (i.e. confining oneself in a mosque for prayers and invocations leaving the worldly activities) in the mosques. (2:187)
The i’tikaf in the home is a bid’ah (an innovation) in the religion, an therefore must be avoided. Prophet (ﷺ) said:
وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَمُحْدَثَاتِ الْأُمُورِ؛ فَإِنَّ كُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلَالَةٌ
“Beware of newly invented matters [in the religion], for verily every bid’ah (innovation) is misguidance.”
It is also a bid’ah for women to do i’tikaf in their homes in that the Prophet (ﷺ) allowed women to do i’tifak in the masajid.
Therefore, instead of involving themselves in bida’, women must organize themselves to force the masajid to follow the sunnah, and not their ugly traditions.
And Allah knows best…